In ancient and medieval civilizations, it was a regular practice to give girls in marriage as soon as they reached puberty, if not earlier. [24] This practice continued throughout the Middle Ages and most girls were married off at the age of fifteen. [24] Ruth Lamden, in her book A Separate People: Jewish Women in Palestine, Syria, and Egypt in the sixteenth Century, argues that it is important to recognize that for culture, customs contribute to the perception of an appropriate age of marriage. She explains that at that time, according to Jewish law, girls were considered adults at the age of twelve and a half. [25] In pre-war American culture, marriages between older men and younger women were not considered as they are today. Although the practice was not very common, it was also not countercultural. [26] Marriage was seen more as a contract, and minors to be married, usually girls, were seen as passing from the responsibility of one man, the father, to the other man, the husband. [26] In some states, a minor is not emancipated through marriage and a judicial procedure is required to obtain an emancipation decree. The lack of emancipation can lead to legal complications if, for example, the minor wants to separate from his partner or wants to divorce. [17] You may have to wait years before emancipation to reach adulthood.

These unemancipated married minors may find themselves married, unable to leave an abusive spouse or divorce. [17] [66] 70% to 80% of underage marriages end in divorce, but many minors included in a marriage have to wait years before they are old enough to legally end the marriage. [17] [69] Some states, such as California and Washington, are of no legal age. For other states, the legal age varies considerably. Women who marry at age 18 or younger have a 23 percent higher risk of heart attack, diabetes, cancer and stroke than women who marry between the ages of 19 and 25, in part because early marriage can lead to additional stress and loss of education. Women who married 18 years ago also have an increased risk of developing various psychiatric disorders, even when sociodemographic factors are taken into account. Those fleeing forced marriage often have complex legal needs, but it is extremely difficult for children to obtain legal representation. Even if they can afford to pay attorney`s fees, contracts with children, including prepayment agreements, can usually be invalidated by the child, making them unwanted clients for lawyers. In addition, children are generally not allowed to sue on their own behalf.

This is most common in West Virginia and Texas, where about seven in 15- to 17-year-olds were married in 2014, compared with five in 1,000 nationally. Several other southern and western states, including Oklahoma, Arkansas, Tennessee, North Carolina, Nevada and California, also have above-average rates of child marriage. In 2003, Alabama raised the minimum age of marriage (with exceptions) from 14 to 16. [35] Any forced marriage fails and the contract is illegal, please read the Muslim book Saheeh and you can see the religious leader about it on the 25th. In March 2019, Utah Governor Gary Herbert signed a law raising the minimum age of marriage from 15 to 16. The law also prohibits a 16- or 17-year-old from marrying someone over 7 years older. [104] The bill passed the Utah House of Representatives by 55 votes to 6, with 14 abstentions. It has been described as a bipartisan effort in which a majority of Republicans and all Democrats voted in favor. [105] The legal age is 17 in 10 states, while 21 others set the standard at 16. In Maryland, Hawaii and Kansas there are 15, North Carolina and Alaska allow them with 14.

As of Jan. 1, 2019, California requires parents and partners of minors who wish to marry to meet separately with court officials to determine whether coercion has occurred. In addition, minors must wait 30 days to marry, unless they are 17 years old and have graduated from high school or one of the partners is pregnant.

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