Like his grandfather and father before him, Kumaragupta also issued coins to mark his reign. They received photos of its namesake, Lord Kumara, who is considered by Hindus to be the ruler of the earth. After the decline of the Gupta empire, the later Guptas succeeded them as rulers of Magadha. [2] The daughter of the founder of the Krishnagupta dynasty is said to have married Prince Adityavarman of the Maukhari dynasty. According to the Aphsad inscription of Ādityasena, Krishnagupta`s grandson, Jivitagupta, led military expeditions to the Himalayan region and southwestern Bengal. [4] After this, Harsha Vardhana of Thaneswar annexed the territories of Maukharis. The Maukharis dynasty played an important role in Indian history. Its leaders, Isana Varman and Sarva Varman, both successfully fought the Hunas and saved the East Indies from their aggression. Kumaragupta defeated both groups and celebrated his victory by performing the royal Vedic ritual Ashwamedha or horse sacrifice, which had previously been performed by his grandfather, Emperor Samudragupta, to celebrate his own great military victories. During the reign of Jivitagupta`s son, Kumaragupta, the dynasty developed a rivalry with the Maukharis. Kumaragupta defeated King Maukhari Ishanavarman in 554 AD and died in Prayaga.

His son Damodaragupta suffered setbacks against the Maukharis. [4] The kingdom of Guijara in Rajputana gained notoriety around the middle of the sixth century AD. The first Gurjara state was that of modern Jodhpur and was founded by Harichandra, who was a Brahamana. Harichandra and his three successors probably reigned between 550 and 640 AD. However, the reign of this family continued for nearly two hundred years. The last Gupta dynasty was replaced by the Varman dynasty of Kannauj. However, the dynasty entered into political rivalry with the Maukharis of Kannauj from the reign of Kumara Gupta (540-560 AD), which eventually ended in their defeat and their ruler Mahasena Gupta was forced to retire to Malwa. There, the attacks of the Kalachuris and Chalukyas further weakened them, and eventually their rulers remained as feudal chiefs of the Vardhana rulers of Thaneswar.

Jivitagupta II, the last known ruler of the dynasty, seems to have been defeated around 750 AD by Yashovarman of the Varman dynasty of Kannauj. Celebrated as a great warrior for his victorious clashes with the Huns during his father`s reign, Skandagupta defeated several rebellions and external threats from the Hna people, including an invasion in 455 AD.[7] Although victorious, the cost of the wars against the Hunas drained the resources of the empire. The value of coins issued under Skandagupta is significantly reduced. Then came a series of weak kings, beginning with Kumaragupta II from 473 to 476 AD, followed by Budhagupta, son of Purugupta. The Hephthalites broke through the Gupta military defenses in the northwest in the 480s, during the reign of Budhagupta, and in 500 AD, much of the empire in the northwest was invaded by the Huna. The Gaudas became known in Bengal. Their greatest king was Sasanka, who fought the rulers of Thaneswar and Kannauj. Sasanka formed an alliance with Deva Gupta of Malwa and was responsible for the capture of Rajyasri and the murder of Rajya Vardhana, daughter or son of Prabhakara Vardhana of Thaneswar. However, very little is known about the history of the Gaudas before and after Sasanka. However, the Pushyabhuti or Vardhana dynasty of Thaneswar played a much more important role in Indian history than any other dynasty that came to power after the fall of the imperial guptas.

The rulers of Thaneswar were feudal chiefs of the Maukharis, but were eventually able to maintain their independence. According to Harsha Charita of Banabhatta, the first independent ruler of this dynasty was Pushpabhuti. Gupta dynasty, ruler of the state of Magadha (now Bihar) in northeastern India. They maintained an empire over northern and parts of central and western India from the early 4th to the late 6th century AD. Historians once regarded the Gupta period as the classical age of India – in which standards of Indian literature, art, architecture and philosophy were established – but many of these assumptions have been challenged by further studies of Indian society and culture between the Maurya and Gupta periods. Products traditionally considered to date back to the Gupta era included the decimal system of notation, the great Sanskrit epics and Hindu art, as well as contributions to the sciences of astronomy, mathematics and metallurgy. Isana Varman and her son Sarva Varman proved to be the greatest rulers of this dynasty, extending their empire not only into Uttar Pradesh and Magadha, but also to Bundelkhand, southeastern Punjab and part of Bengal. Antiquity, Empires, Gupta Empire, Indian History, North India according to the Guptas At the height of Harsha`s rule, his territory encompassed much of northern and northwestern India, with the Narmada River as its southern border.

He eventually made Kannauj (in present-day Uttar Pradesh) his capital and ruled until 647 AD. [7] Harsha was ruled by Emperor Pulakeshin II. He was defeated by the Chalukya dynasty at the Battle of Narmada when he attempted to expand his empire into the southern peninsula of India. [8] Deva Gupta attacked Kannauj and Sasanka aided him shortly after Prabhakara Vardhana`s death, killing Graha Varman and making Rajyasri the wife of Graha Varman and the sister of Rajya Vardhana, then ruler of Thaneswar, a prisoner. Rajya Vardhana immediately went to Kannuaj to avenge the defeat and death of Graha Varman, defeated Deva Gupta and occupied Kannauj. The Pushyabhuti family became known after the Hna invasion. Prabhakarvardhana became a powerful king of this kingdom. He played an important role in the history of India. The first ruler of the empire was Chandra Gupta I, who united the Guptas by marriage with the Licchavis. His son, the famous Samudra Gupta, expanded the empire through conquest. His campaigns seem to have extended Gupta power into northern and eastern India, effectively eliminating the oligarchies and minor kings of central India and the Ganges Valley, areas that were then under the direct administrative control of the Guptas.

The third ruler of the empire, Chandra Gupta II (or Vikramaditya, « Sun of Valour »), was celebrated for extending the empire to Ujjain, but his reign was associated more with cultural and intellectual achievements than with military conquest. His successors – Kumara Gupta, Skanda Gupta and others – experienced the gradual disappearance of the empire with the invasion of the Hunas (a branch of the Hephthalites). By the middle of the 6th century, when the dynasty seemed to be coming to an end, the kingdom had shrunk to a small size. The Pallavas were the feudal lords of the Satavahanas. After the fall of the Satavahanas in the 3rd century AD, they became independent. They ruled the Tondaimandalam region with Kachipuram as their capital. The 7th century marked the rise of great rulers such as Mahendravarman, Narasimhavarman I and Rajasimha. Under these rulers, Pallava rule reached its peak. A small kingdom that ruled the area around the Lakhisarai district in the 11th and 12th centuries was called Gupta and was later joined as the surviving line of the Later Gupta. [12] Evidence of their reign comes from the inscription on Panchob`s copper plate discovered in 1919. [13] Skandagupta coin.

A coin bearing the effigy of Emperor Skandagupta of the Gupta dynasty, who reigned around 455-467 AD. The Guptas of Magadha were different from the main Gupta imperial dynasty. It was a small dynasty of Magadha. It has not been possible to determine whether they were in any way related to the Imperial Guptas. But some of the kings of this Gupta family were very powerful and ruled all the way to the Brahmaputra River. In 648, Tang Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty sent Wang Xuance to India in response to Emperor Harsha`s sending of an ambassador to China. However, while in India, he discovered that Harsha was dead and the new king Aluonashun (allegedly Arunāsva) attacked Wang and his 30 subordinates on horseback. [27] This led Wang Xuance to flee to Tibet, then led a joint force of over 7,000 Nepalese mounted infantrymen and 1,200 Tibetan infantrymen and attacked the Indian state on June 16.

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