U.S. Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood called the study « completely misleading. »  On July 27, 2009, the Virginia Tech Transportation Institute (VTTI) released preliminary results from its study on driver distraction in commercial vehicles.  Several naturalistic driving studies of long-distance trucks as well as lighter vehicles, which together covered six million kilometers, used video cameras to observe drivers and the road. The researchers observed 4,452 « safety-critical » events, including accidents, near misses, safety-critical events and lane deviations. 81% of « safety-critical » events involved some sort of driver distraction. Text messages had the highest relative risk, with drivers of heavy vehicles or trucks more than 23 times more likely to experience a safety-critical event when sending text messages.  The study found that drivers typically take their eyes off the lane for an average of four out of six seconds when texting, and an average of 4.6 of the six seconds surrounding safety-critical events. The study found that when driving at 55 miles per hour (89 km/h), a driver who texts for 6 seconds looks at the phone for 4.6 seconds and travels the distance of a football field without keeping an eye on the road. Some of VTTI`s findings from this study included that « SMS in moving vehicles should be prohibited to all drivers » and that « all use of mobile phones should be prohibited for newly licensed teenage drivers. » The results of the study are listed in the following table. House Bill 2872 prohibits drivers under the age of 18 from using any type of mobile communication device, such as a mobile phone.
This includes text messages and does not allow the hands-free function of a mobile phone. This law applies if you are under the age of 18 and you are driving with a provisional driver`s license, a special student driver`s license or a teaching license. Educating about the dangers of texting and driving, aimed at both adults and teens, conveys the message, but does not have the desired effect on behavior. Although they admit to understanding the dangers, more than half of adults and nearly eighty percent of teen drivers say they read or text while driving. Drivers under the age of 18 are not permitted to use a « wireless communication device » (a hand-held or hands-free device used to access telephone service) while driving, except to communicate with 9-1-1. This is a predicate offence, which means that a police officer can enforce this law even if the driver does not commit another crime. The MVA can suspend a study licence or a provisional driver`s licence for up to 90 days. In Maryland, a person is not allowed to use an SMS device to write, send, or read a text or email message while driving a motor vehicle in the driving section of the roadway.
A « text messaging device » means a portable device used to send a text message or e-mail message over a short message service, wireless telephone service or electronic communications network. The prohibition does not apply to the use of a global positioning system (GPS) or the use of a text messaging device to communicate with a 9-1-1 system. iPhone Operating System (iOS): Apple iPhones running iOS 11 or later have a built-in feature called « Do Not Disturb While Driving. » This feature is part of the operating system and does not need to be added or downloaded separately. It uses settings like motion detection and network connections to detect driving and can be enabled in the iPhone`s « Do Not Disturb » settings. To find this feature, tap the « Settings » icon, then scroll down to « Do Not Disturb. » Then, scroll down to « Do not disturb while driving. » After powering on, incoming text messages are blocked while the car is being driven. It also automatically responds to these texts with a customizable message that informs senders that a person is driving and cannot receive text messages. It can be configured to activate in one of three ways: automatically detect driving, activate when connected to a hands-free kit via Bluetooth or activate it manually.  Paired and decoupled « NO SMS while driving » apps can also be installed and are available on the Apple App Store. It is important to note that there are doubts about the effectiveness of these features. For example, recent research has shown that « Do Not Disturb While Driving » does not always prevent phone-related distractions and interruptions while driving.   As of January 1, 2021, any portable use of a phone will be prohibited. Exceptions are allowed if they are legally parked or stopped, emergency vehicles that report an emergency, use radio and traffic accident management personnel.
 Second offence: Class B offence Automatic Class B offence where the person has caused serious bodily harm to another person as a direct result of the use of a portable wireless communication device for text messaging or email communication while driving a moving motor vehicle January 26, 2010, The U.S. Department of Transportation announced a federal ban on text messages while driving by truck drivers and bus drivers.  The laws are very similar for all states and territories in Australia. The driver of a vehicle (with the exception of an emergency vehicle, taxi or police vehicle) may not use a mobile phone while the vehicle is moving or stationary but not parked, unless exempted from this rule under another law of that jurisdiction. The law does not apply if the phone is in a secure fixed bracket positioned in such a way that the driver does not have to take his eyes off the road. The law also does not apply if the driver uses a hands-free system. In some places, makeshift or apprentice drivers are excluded from any form of mobile phone use when controlling a vehicle. Apart from mobile phones, drivers should not be distracted by anything else. This includes GPS devices and PDAs. The following drivers are not allowed to use a mobile phone except for « emergency use »: Illegal use of a mobile phone is a major offence, which means that a police officer can enforce this law even if the driver does not commit another crime.
A person convicted under this law must pay the following fines: even reading a text will distract your eyes from the street much longer than it is safe. Reading, writing or sending a text while driving is illegal in Maryland. Texting while driving is an offence that may include: SMS while driving, also known as TEXTing and driving, is the act of writing, sending or reading text messages on a mobile phone while driving a motor vehicle. TEXT MESSAGES while driving are considered extremely dangerous by many people, including authorities, and in some places they are banned or restricted. As a form of distracted driving, texting while driving significantly increases the likelihood that a driver will be involved in a traffic accident.  Portable electronic devices are banned for all drivers The small number of scientific studies may indicate a general hypothesis that if making calls on a mobile phone increases the risk, SMS also increases the risk, and probably even more. 89% of adults in the U.S. believe that text messages while driving are « distracting, dangerous, and prohibited. »  The AAA Foundation for Road Safety released survey data showing that 87% of people consider texting and emailing while driving a « very serious » threat to safety, almost equivalent to the 90% of respondents who consider drunk driving a threat. Recently,[When?] AAA has published a study showing that text messages while driving are six times more likely to cause an accident than drunk driving.  Text messages while driving received more attention in the late 2000s, which corresponds to an increase in the number of text messages sent.  Will Smith`s 2008 film Seven Pounds tells the story of Smith`s character who commits suicide to donate his organs in order to save the lives of seven people, in order to compensate the seven people he killed in a car accident because he received text messages while driving.
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